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Biodiversity Heritage Library

The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is a consortium of natural history and botanical libraries that cooperate to digitize the legacy literature of biodiversity held in their collections and to make that literature available for open access and responsible use as a part of a global “biodiversity commons.” The BHL consortium works with the international taxonomic community, rights holders, and other interested parties to ensure that this biodiversity heritage is made available to a global audience through open access principles. In partnership with the Internet Archive and through local digitization efforts, the BHL has digitized millions of pages of taxonomic literature, representing tens of thousands of titles and over 100,000 volumes.

Visit the Biodiversity Heritage Library website.

See a Tag Cloud for the Biodiversity Heritage Library collection.

104,397
RESULTS


collections 5
texts 104,392
TOPIC
Science 6,860
Natural history 6,393
Botany 5,055
Plants 4,432
Zoology 4,253
Flowers Seeds Catalogs 3,942
Vegetables Seeds Catalogs 3,666
Periodicals 3,027
Birds 2,951
Plants, Ornamental Catalogs 2,572
Nurseries (Horticulture) Catalogs 2,207
Flowers Catalogs 2,178
Insects 2,092
Entomology 2,002
Fruit Catalogs 1,916
Seeds Catalogs 1,823
Mollusks 1,815
Geology 1,665
Gardening Equipment and supplies Catalogs 1,662
Fishes 1,460
Bulbs (Plants) Catalogs 1,433
Fisheries 1,408
Paleontology 1,330
Biology 1,255
Shrubs Catalogs 1,255
Gardening 1,246
Insect pests Control United States Periodicals 1,187
Agriculture 1,149
Trees Catalogs 974
Nursery stock Catalogs 944
Fruit trees Seedlings Catalogs 866
Nurseries (Horticulture) 827
Trees Seedlings Catalogs 820
Grasses Seeds Catalogs 743
Fruit Seeds Catalogs 741
1809-1884 738
Engelmann, George, 736
botany 729
Insect pests 727
Trees 723
Fishery resources 718
Correspondence 698
Forests and forestry 698
Flowers 686
Bulbs (Plants) Seeds Catalogs 683
Scientific expeditions 682
Horticulture 670
Fruit trees Catalogs 646
Vegetables Catalogs 612
Letters 601
Lepidoptera 592
Agricultural implements Catalogs 574
Roses Catalogs 568
Ethnology 563
Marine biology 563
Nursery stock 557
Seeds 550
Beetles 500
Classification 490
Pictorial works 462
Anatomy, Comparative 461
Fruit 450
Mammals 446
Oceanography 423
Seed industry and trade Catalogs 410
Bees 397
Ornithology 395
Animals 377
Shrubs 377
Horses 375
Vegetables 368
Horticulture Equipment and supplies Catalogs 349
Shells 349
Crustacea 347
Bulbs (Plants) 335
Fruit-culture 335
Beneficial insects 331
Plants, Ornamental, Catalogs 325
Poultry 315
Trees Seeds Catalogs 310
Botanical specimens 308
Strawberries Catalogs 305
Gardening Catalogs 300
Roses 295
Plants, Ornamental 289
North America 281
Smithsonian Institution 279
Marine animals 278
Microscopy 273
Ornamental trees Catalogs 263
Medicine 258
Reptiles 258
Physiology 255
Horticulture Catalogs 253
Evolution 251
Hunting 251
Botanists 250
Nursery stock New York (State) Catalogs 250
Nurseries (Horticulture) Iowa Shenandoah 244
Fruit Seedlings Catalogs 242
Garden tools Catalogs 236
Plant diseases 234
Fruit trees 232
Butterflies 231
Fruit-culture Catalogs 222
Albatross (Steamer) 219
Fisheries -- United States 218
Plants Catalogs 216
Fishing 213
Early works to 1800 210
Vegetables, Seeds, Catalogs 210
Invertebrates 209
Fungi 208
Marine Biology 205
Commercial catalogs Seeds 204
Gardening United States Equipment and supplies Catalogs 204
Histology 201
Madagascar 200
Grasses 198
Natural history -- Periodicals 198
Flowers, Seeds, Catalogs 197
Nursery stock Massachusetts Boston Catalogs 197
Plants, Ornamental Seeds Catalogs 193
Catalogs and collections 190
Botany, Medical 187
Fruit trees, Seedlings, Catalogs 187
Science -- Societies, etc 185
Fruit, Catalogs 184
Seed industry and trade 183
Nursery stock New York (State) New York Catalogs 182
Amphibians 181
Animal behavior 180
Catalogs 180
Veterinary medicine 180
Nursery stock Pennsylvania Philadelphia Catalogs 177
Science -- Periodicals 176
Wildlife conservation -- United States 176
Sciences 174
Commercial catalogs 173
Harvard University. Museum of Comparative Zoology 172
Nurseries (Horticulture) New York (State) Catalogs 172
Evergreens Catalogs 171
Game and game-birds 171
Plants, Cultivated 168
Graphic media : 167
Flowers, Catalogs 165
Ichthyology 165
Nurseries (Horticulture) Massachusetts Boston Catalogs 165
Mollusks, Fossil 163
Pteridophyta 159
Rose culture 157
Botanical gardens 155
Birds -- Periodicals 154
Discoveries in science 154
Identification 154
Smithsonian Institution. Archives 154
Algae 152
Embryology 152
United States 151
Cactaceae 150
Floriculture 149
Gardens 149
1810-1888 148
Fish trade 148
Microscopes 147
Diptera 144
Gray, Asa, 144
Medicinal plants 143
Climbing plants Catalogs 141
Flowers Seeds Massachusetts Boston Catalogs 141
John Lewis Childs (Firm) 140
Phytogeography 140
Botany, Economic 139
Heredity 139
Forests and forestry United States Periodicals. 135
Plants -- Classification 134
Cereal grasses Catalogs 133
Natuurwetenschappen 133
Anatomy 132
Pinaceae 132
Antarctica 131
Compositae 131
Bacteriology 129
Forage plants 128
Mathematics 128
Livestock 127
Nursery stock California Catalogs 127
Biologie 125
Marine invertebrates 125
Humanities 123
Nursery stock Ohio Catalogs 122
Cactus Catalogs 121
Liliaceae 121
Ornamental shrubs Catalogs 120
Trees, Seedlings, Catalogs 120
Grain Seeds Catalogs 118
Plant physiology 118
Indians of North America 115
Missouri Botanical Garden 115
Forest reserves 113
LANGUAGE
english 69,582
german 12,662
french 9,540
latin 1,996
undetermined 1,902
italian 1,839
spanish 1,095
dutch 982
chinese 970
swedish 770
SHOW DETAILS
botanicus
7,045
ITEMS
2.6M
VIEWS
2.6M
Botanicus is a freely accessible portal to historic botanical literature from the Missouri Botanical Garden Library. Botanicus is made possible through support from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, W.M. Keck Foundation, and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Topic: botanicus biodiversity missouri botanical garden library
Chinese Academy Science
1,037
ITEMS
492,683
VIEWS
492,683
The Chinese Academy of Science
Topic: chinese academy science
darwinslibrary
313
ITEMS
151,892
VIEWS
151,892
A scholarly edition of Darwin's scientific archive.
Topic: charles darwin biodiversity heritage library missouri botanical garden
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956
65,646
2
1
Includes bibliographies
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Bacteriology, Bacteria -- classification, Bacteriology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Dieter, George Ellwood
26,195
6
2
Includes bibliography
( 2 reviews )
Topics: Strength of materials, Physical metallurgy, Metal-work
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Snodgrass, R. E. (Robert E.), 1875-1962
25,320
49
5
Insects, their way and means of living. Copy 1 (STRI) 7718. 362 p. illus.
( 5 reviews )
Topic: Insects
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Thompson, D'Arcy Wentworth, 1860-1948
21,803
10
1
Includes bibliographical references and index
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Growth, Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Piper, Robert G
17,169
0
0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topic: Fish hatcheries -- Management
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Afanas'eva, I. N; Chibisova, O. I; Koziar, L. A
13,529
0
0
Topics: Biology -- English, Biology -- Russian
The metadata below describe the original scanning. Follow the "All Files: HTTP" link in the "View the book" box to the left to find XML files that contain more metadata about the original images and the derived formats (OCR results, PDF etc.). See also the What is the directory structure for the texts? FAQ for information about file content and naming conventions.
Topic: Poultry
13,232
The Library, Art & Archives of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew was established 160 years ago and contains one of the largest collections of material in the world relating to botany. The collections comprise 300,000 printed volumes, 5,000 journal titles and 11,000 maps. The Art and Illustrations Collection is without equal and is made up of over 200,000 items – watercolours, prints, drawings, oil paintings and photographs – by some of the finest artists working in the field of botanical...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Beveridge, W. I. B. (William Ian Beardmore), 1908-
12,948
7
0
Topic: Research
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ingersoll, Ernest, 1852-1946
12,400
1
0
Topics: Birds -- Folklore, Birds
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
12,244
0
0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history
Topics: Stains and staining (Microscopy), Stains and Staining, Dyes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
11,404
0
0
Bibliography: p. xi-xix
Topics: Soil microbiology, Microorganisms
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology. Committee on Bacteriological Technic
11,275
0
1
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Microbiology -- Technique, Bacteriology -- Cultures and culture media
Includes bibliographic references
( 2 reviews )
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Smithsonian Institution
10,638
0
0
Vols. 45, 47, 48, 50 and 52 were published as "Quarterly issue, v. 1-5, 1903-10", designed as a medium for the early publication of the results of researches and for reports of a preliminary nature; this form of publication was discontinued after v. 52
Topic: Science
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Hambly, Wilfrid Dyson, 1886-
10,433
0
0
Includes bibliographical references (p. 482-495) and index
Topics: Frederick H. Rawson-Field museum ethnological expedition to West Africa, 1929-1930, Ethnology --...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
10,430
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Bibliography: 7th prelim. page
Topics: Electronics, Physics, German language
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Cientfica Argentina; Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1st : 1898 : Buenos Aires, Argentina); Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1910 : Buenos Aires, Argentina)
10,085
0
0
The society organized the "Congreso Cientifico Latino Americano" held in Buenos Aires in 1898, and the "Congreso Cientifico International Americano" held in the same city in 1910; the results of these congresses (organization, membership, etc., and some of the papers) were published in the Anales, v. 45, 1898, and v. 69-70, 1910
Topics: Science, Science -- Argentina
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain)
10,079
1
0
Topics: Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain), Great Britain -- Colonies Periodicals
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Army. Corps of Engineers; Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
9,834
3
0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topics: Coastal engineering, Shore protection
9,813
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
Bibliographies interspersed
Topic: Insects
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Humason, Gretchen L
9,725
0
0
Topics: Histology -- Technique, Stains and staining (Microscopy), Histochemistry -- Technique
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Chidester, Floyd Earle, 1884-1947
9,633
0
0
Contains bibliographies
Topic: Zoology
The Library of Congress
9,629
0
0
Topic: Mink farming
Topic: Plants
Includes bibliographical references (pt. 1, p. 132-165) and index
Topic: Birds -- Europe
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Concilium Bibliographicum
9,329
0
0
Zoologischer Anzeiger Register
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
9,326
0
0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Almeida Pinto, Joaquim de; Cmara, Manuel Arruda da, 1752?-1811?; Almeida Pinto, Zeferino
9,219
1
0
Topic: Plants -- Brazil
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Willis, J. C. (John Christopher), 1868-1958
9,218
0
0
Topic: Botany
Topic: Culture Media
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
9,090
1
0
Bibliography: v. 1, p. 278-318
Topic: Actinomycetales
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Mann, Thaddeus, 1908-
9,078
1
0
Topics: Semen, Spermatozoa, Genitalia, Male, Semen
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
8,911
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ortner, Donald J; Aufderheide, Arthur C; International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (12th : 1988 : Zagreb, Croatia)
8,864
0
0
Based on a symposium held during the International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Zagreb, Yugoslovia, July 24-31, 1988
Topic: Paleopathology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Groombridge, B., Jenkins, M.D., UNEP-WCMC
8,839
1
0
Source: London, UK
"Abbreviations and publication references" : p. 77-78
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Materia medica -- Iran, Botany, Medical, Botany -- Iran, Botany -- Iraq, Medicine -- Formulae,...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
8,792
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
8,759
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
8,724
2
0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Suolahti, Viktor Hugo, 1874-
8,700
1
0
Includes bibliographical references
Topics: German language -- Etymology, Birds -- Nomenclature, Birds -- Germany
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Científica "Antonio Alzate
8,515
0
0
Some issues published out of chronological sequence
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Académie royale des sciences, des lettres et des beaux-arts de Belgique; yale de Belgique. Collection in-40; ©moires sur les questions proposées
8,462
0
0
Superseded in part by: Mémoires de la Classe des sciences - Académie royale de Belgique. Collection in-80, Mémoires de la Classe des sciences - Académie royale de Belgique. Collection in-40, Mémoires de la Classe des lettres et des sciences morales et politiques et de la Classe des beaux-arts - Académie royale de Belgique. Collection in-80, and: M©moires de la Classe des lettres et des sciences morales et politiques et de la Classe des beaux-arts - Académie royale de Belgique....
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
8,440
1
2
Supersedes its Technical report no. 4: Shore protection, planning, and design
( 2 reviews )
Topics: Shore protection, Beach erosion, Coastal zone management
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Cientfica Argentina; Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1st : 1898 : Buenos Aires, Argentina); Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1910 : Buenos Aires, Argentina)
8,401
0
0
The society organized the "Congreso Cientifico Latino Americano" held in Buenos Aires in 1898, and the "Congreso Cientifico International Americano" held in the same city in 1910; the results of these congresses (organization, membership, etc., and some of the papers) were published in the Anales, v. 45, 1898, and v. 69-70, 1910
Topics: Science, Science -- Argentina
Bibliography: p. 183-188
Topics: Pteridophyta, Botany -- Morphology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Peterson, William Harold, 1880-; Strong, Frank Morgan
8,375
1
0
Includes bibliographical references
Topic: Biochemistry
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Little, Elbert Luther, 1907-; Wadsworth, Frank H. (Frank Howard)
8,349
3
1
Bibliography: p. 18
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Trees -- Puerto Rico, Trees -- Virgin Islands of the United States
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
8,330
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Concilium Bibliographicum
8,328
0
0
Zoologischer Anzeiger Register
Topic: Zoology
Two vols. bound together
Topic: Plants -- Cuba
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Hitchens, Arthur Parker, 1877-; Murray, Everitt George Dunne, 1890-
8,215
0
0
Topics: Bacteriology, Schizomycetes, Bacteriologia
At head of title: The flora of South Africa
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Botanischer Verein, Munich; Botaniska sällskapet, Stockholm; Association internationale des botanistes; Deutsche Botanische Gesellschaft
8,089
0
0
Includes section "Neue Literatur" (earlier, "Literatur") which forms a separate vol., 1902-19 (v. 91, 94, 97, 100, etc.)
Topics: Botany, Botany
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Soil Conservation Service
8,043
0
1
Includes bibliographical references
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Botany, Botany -- United States, Botany -- Canada, Botany -- Caribbean Area, Phytogeography --...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
7,884
0
0
Topics: Natural history, Natural history -- Spain
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
7,856
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Some issues published out of chronological sequence
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Cowdry, E. V. (Edmund Vincent), 1888-1975
7,833
0
0
Topics: Microscopy -- Technique, Microscopes -- Technique, Diagnosis, Laboratory, Microscopy, Technology,...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Concilium Bibliographicum
7,813
0
0
Zoologischer Anzeiger Register
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
7,779
0
0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Blackwelder, Richard E; Blackwelder, Ruth M
7,723
0
0
Topics: Zoologists, Taxonomists, Paleontologists
Includes bibliography
Topics: Protozoa, Pathogenic, Veterinary protozoology, Medical protozoology
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Birds -- Bibliography, Vögel Bibliographie
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
7,635
1
0
Bibliography: v. 1, p. 278-318
Topic: Actinomycetales
Includes bibliography
( 1 reviews )
Topic: Microbial metabolites
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by National Shellfisheries Association
7,597
0
0
Biological abstracts
Topics: Shellfish, Shellfish culture, Shellfish fisheries
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
7,544
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology